He says to her, "I forbid you to leave the house, did I not? Why shall I pay you? I am looking for you more often than my cows!
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. Intolerance The Crucible is set in a theocratic society, in which the church and the state are one, and the religion is a strict, austere form of Protestantism known as Puritanism.
Because of the theocratic nature of the society, moral laws and state laws are one and the same: In Salem, everything and everyone belongs to either God or the devil; dissent is not merely unlawful, it is associated with satanic activity.
This dichotomy functions as the underlying logic behind the witch trials. Hysteria Another critical theme in The Crucible is the role that hysteria can play in tearing apart a community. Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they have always considered upstanding people, are committing absurd and unbelievable crimes—communing with the devil, killing babies, and so on.
In The Crucible, the townsfolk accept and become active in the hysterical climate not only out of genuine religious piety but also because it gives them a chance to express repressed sentiments and to act on long-held grudges. The most obvious case is Abigail, who uses the situation to accuse Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft and have her sent to jail.
But others thrive on the hysteria as well: Reverend Parris strengthens his position within the village, albeit temporarily, by making scapegoats of people like Proctor who question his authority. In the end, hysteria can thrive only because people benefit from it.
It suspends the rules of daily life and allows the acting out of every dark desire and hateful urge under the cover of righteousness. Reputation Reputation is tremendously important in theocratic Salem, where public and private moralities are one and the same.
In an environment where reputation plays such an important role, the fear of guilt by association becomes particularly pernicious. Focused on maintaining public reputation, the townsfolk of Salem must fear that the sins of their friends and associates will taint their names.
Various characters base their actions on the desire to protect their respective reputations. Meanwhile, the protagonist, John Proctor, also seeks to keep his good name from being tarnished. By refusing to relinquish his name, he redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity.
Goodness In The Crucible, the idea of goodness is a major theme.
Almost every character is concerned with the concept of goodness, because their religion teaches them that the most important thing in life is how they will be judged by God after they die.
They want to be found good, because being good will make them right with God.The Crucible Arthur Miller. A NOTE ON THE HISTORICAL ACCURACY OF THIS PLAY A small upper bedroom in the home of Reverend Samuel Parris, Salem, Massachusetts, in the spring of the year The Crucible young adults, and until this strange crisis he, like the rest of .
Thomas Putnam - A wealthy, influential citizen of Salem, Putnam holds a grudge against Francis Nurse for preventing Putnam’s brother-in-law from being elected to the office of minister. He uses the witch trials to increase his own wealth by accusing people of witchcraft and then buying up their land.
Motivation: Justice, reveal the truth about Parris, Abigail, and the trails, and he wants to save his wife and later, himself and his good name.
Elizabeth Proctor Wife of John Proctor. The Crucible, a play by Arthur Miller that was first produced in , is based on the true story of the Salem Witch Trials of Miller wrote the play to parallel the situations in the mid-twentieth century of Alger Hiss, Owen Latimore, Julius and Ethel Rosenburg, and Senator McCarthy, if only suggestively.
The characters, in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, who have a politically motivated goal for accusing others, are Reverend Parris and Deputy Grand Danforth.
“Author’s Note. [Parris] believed he was being persecuted wherever he went, despite his best efforts to win people and God to . The motivations in the crucible are different for each character and suit their needs at the time (for example, Parris is motivated by reputation).
Arthur Miller makes some characters (like John Proctor) very obvious in their. motivation while people like (Thomas Putnam) need .