The history of the tower of london and the architect william of normandy

Nearly people are burned to death for heresy.

The history of the tower of london and the architect william of normandy

There is only one bridge across the Thames, but parts of Southwark on the south bank of the river have been developed. Its close commercial connections with the Protestant heartlands in northern continental Europe, large foreign mercantile communities, disproportionately large number of literate inhabitants and role as the centre of the English print trade all contributed to the spread of the new ideas of religious reform.

Before the Reformation, more than half of the area of London was the property of monasteriesnunneries and other religious houses. The process started in the mid s, and by most of the larger monastic houses had been abolished.

Holy Trinity Aldgate went to Lord Audleyand the Marquess of Winchester built himself a house in part of its precincts. This was the period of mercantilism and monopoly trading companies such as the Muscovy Company and the British East India Company were established in London by Royal Charter.

The history of the tower of london and the architect william of normandy

The latter, which ultimately came to rule India, was one of the key institutions in London, and in Britain as a whole, for two and a half centuries. Immigrants arrived in London not just from all over England and Wales, but from abroad as well, for example Huguenots from France; the population rose from an estimated 50, in to aboutin The late 16th and early 17th century saw the great flourishing of drama in London whose preeminent figure was William Shakespeare.

The "Woodcut" map of Londonformally titled Civitas Londinum c. Many immigrants became disillusioned by routine threats of violence and molestation, attempts at expulsion of foreigners, and the great difficulty in acquiring English citizenship.

Dutch cities proved more hospitable, and many left London permanently. In the opening years of that century the immediate environs of the City, with the principal exception of the aristocratic residences in the direction of Westminster, were still considered not conducive to health.

Immediately to the north was Moorfieldswhich had recently been drained and laid out in walks, but it was frequented by beggars and travellers, who crossed it in order to get into London.

Adjoining Moorfields were Finsbury Fields, a favourite practising ground for the archers, Mile Endthen a common on the Great Eastern Road and famous as a rendezvous for the troops.

The preparations for King James I becoming king were interrupted by a severe plague epidemic, which may have killed over thirty thousand people.

The new hospital, chapel, and schoolhouse were begun in Charterhouse School was to be one of the principal public schools in London until it moved to Surrey in Victorian times, and the site is still used as a medical school.

Merchants conducted business in the aisles, and used the font as a counter upon which to make their payments; lawyers received clients at their particular pillars; and the unemployed looked for work. Under James I the theatre, which established itself so firmly in the latter years of Elizabeth, grew further in popularity.

The performances at the public theatres were complemented by elaborate masques at the royal court and at the inns of court. During his reign, aristocrats began to inhabit the West End in large numbers.

In addition to those who had specific business at court, increasing numbers of country landowners and their families lived in London for part of the year simply for the social life. This was the beginning of the "London season".

The neighbouring streets were built shortly afterwards, and the names of Henrietta, Charles, James, King and York Streets were given after members of the royal family. In August of the same year the King raised his banner at Nottinghamand during the English Civil War London took the side of the parliament.

Initially the king had the upper hand in military terms and in November he won the Battle of Brentford a few miles to the west of London.

Book: Castles – Their History and Evolution in Medieval Britain

The City organised a new makeshift army and Charles hesitated and retreated. Subsequently, an extensive system of fortifications was built to protect London from a renewed attack by the Royalists.

This comprised a strong earthen rampart, enhanced with bastions and redoubts. It was well beyond the City walls and encompassed the whole urban area, including Westminster and Southwark. The unsanitary and overcrowded City of London has suffered from the numerous outbreaks of the plague many times over the centuries, but in Britain it is the last major outbreak which is remembered as the " Great Plague " It occurred in and and killed around 60, people, which was one fifth of the population.

Samuel Pepys chronicled the epidemic in his diary. On 4 September he wrote "I have stayed in the city till above died in one week, and of them about of the plague, and little noise heard day or night but tolling of bells.

The history of the tower of london and the architect william of normandy

Great Fire of London The Great Plague was immediately followed by another catastrophe, albeit one which helped to put an end to the plague. Fanned by an eastern wind the fire spread, and efforts to arrest it by pulling down houses to make firebreaks were disorganised to begin with.

On Tuesday night the wind fell somewhat, and on Wednesday the fire slackened. On Thursday it was extinguished, but on the evening of that day the flames again burst forth at the Temple.

Some houses were at once blown up by gunpowder, and thus the fire was finally mastered. The Monument was built to commemorate the fire: However, the number of lives lost was surprisingly small; it is believed to have been 16 at most.

Within a few days of the fire, three plans were presented to the king for the rebuilding of the city, by Christopher WrenJohn Evelyn and Robert Hooke.This history of the Dalton's medieval wives' families is put together to read all about the families who married into our Dalton family.

Contents. In the s, William the Conqueror, fresh from his victory but nervous of rebellion, began to build a massive stone fortress in London to defend and proclaim his royal power. Nothing like it had ever been seen in England before.

Architecture and design of Tower of London

The history of the Tower of London, one of the best-known castles in the world, begins with William the Conqueror. After William had invaded and defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings, he realised that he needed to secure England’s most powerful city – London.

Tower of London & Crown Jewels From the opulent Crown Jewels to the uniformed Beefeaters and infamous ravens, this fascinating excursion introduces you to the Tower of London, one of the country's most famous castle fortresses. Bermuda's History from to British naval base for the July attack on Washington DC and burning of the White House and Southern supporter in US Civil War.

Norman steps in the tower In its original form, the church would have consisted of just a tower, nave and perhaps a small chancel. Lower parts of the tower and the spiral staircase leading to the ringing floor and the "silent chamber" (this is the last floor before one reaches the bells so can't be very silent at all) have been dated to the Norman era which almost certainly means these parts.

A comprehensive timeline of Cardiff's history -