Several are noted below:
Of course Sigmund Freud originated the psychodynamic approachbut his work centered mostly on the individual Hall et al.
An early basis for the psychoanalytic family approach was the Psycho-Analytic Study of the Family by Flugel These early propositions by Flugel adhered closely to classical psychoanalytic theory, but attempted to understand family influences on desires of the child. Later Henry Dicks published results of his work with married couples in the s examining the parallel representation of internal and external objects and their influence on the functioning of the personality as proposed by object relations therapists Dicks The Freudian notions of drive and conflict became replaced by object relations and maturation, but the notion of early influences leading to adult problems was retained.
Ackerman noted that the concentration on the maladaptive behavior of a child or the parent usually the mother in family therapy was a mistake and influenced by the work of Bowlby broadened the practice by looking at the family as the unit of diagnosis and treatment.
Bowen contributed to the psychodynamic school of family therapy by forming detailed examinations of the family interactions and formulating the notion of family projection process, where parents and children played active parts in the transmission of the parental problems to the child.
Major approaches to psychodynamic family therapy include the work of the object relations school of psychoanalysis and ego psychology-oriented approaches. The self-psychology of Kohut has also been quite influential in family treatment.
Psychoanalytic theory attempts to explain both pathological and nonpathological behavior on the basis of human motivation and nearly all of the major early pioneers in family therapy were psychoanalysts. Contemporary psychodynamic family counseling holds the viewpoint that the family is a social unit with interpersonal rules.
Family members are best evaluated when the family is observed as a unit Scharff, Psychodynamically oriented counselors often operate on the assumption that partners in a marriage are chosen based on either similar or complementary developmental experiences or failures, especially earlier patterns of mother-child and father-child relationships as they associate to preoedipal and oedipal patterns Scharff, These patterns of partner choice regulate early experiences of the couple.
The developmental failures of the family life can come from many different phases that include: Psychodynamic family counselors hold to the notion of a family as a "system" in a similar manner to other family counseling orientations.
The outward interactional organization of the family system is considered the exterior of the family unit, whereas the focus is exploring the more subtle character of family members and their interactions or the interior mental workings of the system and its members.
These unconscious factors of the system are made up of two subtypes: Motivational forces in the different members of the family come together and form shared family fantasies based on shared family conflicts. The shared family conflicts are kept in check by shared family defenses.
The defenses consist of the collective defenses of the members of the family. Shared family conflicts are organized in a hierarchy of fantasies moving from the conscious to deep unconscious levels. Conscious fantasies are closer to external reality, whereas unconscious fantasies are associated with traumatic experiences from early family life.
The shared family defenses are responsible for the repetitive interactional patterns observed in the family and these defenses act to try and contain family conflicts and prevent traumatic or dangerous situations occurring Ackerman, Psychodynamic family counselors believe that these unconscious dynamics are best understood in the context of the conscious organization of experience, the patterns of personality integration, and most importantly within the context of the existing interpersonal reality Ackerman, Family Counseling Approach: Narrative Counseling self.
Presented in this paper, is an overview of the Narrative therapy and the Social Construction Model and several facets of this approach including poststrucuralism, deconstructionism, self-narratives, cultural narratives, therapeutic conversations, ceremonies, letters and leagues.
View Essay - Family Counseling approach final paper-COUN from COUN at Liberty University. Abstract Narrative therapy (NT) focuses on helping individuals gain awareness of the different.
Find Study Resources. Main Menu; Family Counseling Approach Research Paper. 14 pages%(30). The Family Counseling Approach Research Paper FAMILY COUNSELING APPROACH RESEARCH PAPER INSTRUCTIONS Part I: You are required to write a research paper/formal literature review in current APA format on 1 of the specific approaches to family counseling, (e.g., structural, psychoanalytic, Bowenian, experiential, etc.; i.e., not a technique).
I think of family therapy models as being on a continuum from “theory based” to “research based.” Of course, most models fall somewhere in between, rather than at the extremes, but the distinction is not that different than that seen.
Family Counseling Approach Research Paper 9 First of all, the family is a reflection of God. The interaction of the personalities in a family is the living embodiment of the triune God and the interaction of the persons of the Trinity.
Family Counseling Approach Research PaperLiberty University Abstract Family counseling is a concept that is aimed at relating with couples as well as families who are in relationships considered as intimate.