Differences in Interpersonal Communication Mario and Aiguo are walking down the street on their way to share lunch at a local diner when they are approached by an energetic college student carrying a clipboard.
It is when we encounter other cultural expectations that we often become most aware of our own cultural assumptions. Today there are many reasons why we may come aware of other cultural expectations: We are also exposed to a considerable amount of information about other cultures through the mass media.
The process of encapsulation is arguably most fraught for those who have been socialized into one societal culture but then find themselves having to adapt, for an extended period of time or permanently, to another.
The process of encapsulation, however, is very complex and multi-faceted for within cultures are to be found subcultures and co-cultures and the processes of colonization found within them interact with those of the main societal culture.
Subcultures can be viewed as alternatives to the dominant culture within a society, for they generate their own norms, traditions, values, and beliefs while sharing some of those of the dominant culture. They may also SE non-verbal communication and language to establish and maintain boundaries between the subculture and the dominant culture as well as to express subcultures identity.
Some subcultures and their members may even be labeled as deviant: CEO-warriors might be an example here. The term co-culture is also employed to refer to those groups that generate significantly different patterns of behavior to those found in the dominant culture.
The term, arguably, does not carry the suggestion that these patterns Of behavior are less worthy than those of the main culture and reflects the aspirations of multicultural, pluralistic societies in which respect for individual rights and lifestyle choices is professed and, to some extent, protected in law.
However, a counter-argument might be that the term co- culture can mask the real differences in power, influence, status, norms, values and beliefs that may exist between groups, and may underplay the gap that can also exist between tolerance and acceptance. Some theorists point to the decline of subcultures, and the certainties found thin them, and the rise of post-subcultures, reflecting, perhaps, a post, modern world.
Allegiance to obstreperously is viewed as less permanent than that to subcultures: In the case of youth culture, for example, allegiances may be based more on tastes in music and fashion than on socio-economic position.
It is argued that the influence of Immigration, travel and global media the Internet in particular have produced an array of cultural hybrids and diversity of styles, tastes and political causes that call into question the degree to which youth culture today displays the solidity traditionally associated with youth subcultures.
Whatever the term adopted it should be acknowledged that the wider social groups that individuals belong to can be important coloratura variables, that impact on communicative behavior.
Further, coloratura differences can be a source of resentment, antagonism, conflict, misconceptions, misunderstandings, stereotypes and prejudice and as such have considerable attention to create barriers to successful interpersonal communication. The postmodernist perspective is that much of contemporary Western culture, like contemporary Western societies, is fluid, fragmented and transitory in nature.
Thus it challenges the notion of a clearly defined dominant culture and thus subcultures. However, postmodernist thinkers differ in their view of the degree to which this is the case.
The apparent superficial nature of culture presented here, although capturing perhaps the nature of popular media culture, seems to question the existence of the more solid social structures, roots and relationships from which everyday culture develops. However as Samovar and Porter and McLainamong others, point out, there remain robust underpinning social, political and economic structures and movements with the potential to exert a powerful influence on everyday life and how it may be lived.
About this book We have worked as a team and what you read here has been the result of much discussion between us. However, individual members have taken responsibility for particular chapters: We start with an examination of some of the key models designed to capture the complexities of the communication process.
These models provide frameworks of explanation of how the elements of the process may fit gather. They also help us to conceptualize the points of contact between the process of interpersonal communication and the negotiation of self- identity. While points of contact are suggested by the authors, as you read through the book you should be able to make many more for yourself.
Transactional analysis, though not a model, is also considered given its potential to explain the dynamics of interaction. We move on in Chapter 2 to explore a number of theories that seek to explain he nature of the self and self-identity and the implications for the role of social interaction in shaping a sense of self-identity are raised.
A key theme in this chapter is that the construction of identities is problematic in contemporary Western societies.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. The Role of Perception in Interpersonal Influence Perception is “the process of experiencing your world and then making sense out of what you experience” (p.
68). 2 In interpersonal interactions, both parties engage in the process of perception. Cultural, interpersonal, perceptual and language barriers need to be overcome for diversity policies and programs to succeed.
Ineffective communication of key objectives results in confusion, low morale of employees and lack of teamwork. In life we sometimes experience cultural differences. In The Joy Luck Club Amy Tan shows how mother daughter relationships are affected by these cultural differences.
Therefore each of the mothers and daughters has a different view on their Chinese culture. Lindo Jong is the mother of Waverly.
Lindo. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the influence of culture on communication in interpersonal relationships. Initially, research on social penetration and uncertainty reduction processes in interpersonal relationships across cultures is reviewed.
The differences . Briefly describe Hofstede’s taxonomy of cross-cultural diversity Essay Sample. Briefly describe Hofstede’s taxonomy of cross-cultural diversity Essay Sample.
It focuses on the degree the society reinforces individual or collective, achievement and interpersonal relationships. In the individualism society, the ties between.