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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to Brand and barbie this template message The first Barbie doll was introduced in both blonde and brunette in March Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles.
Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Elliota co-founder of the Mattel toy company.
She gave one to her daughter and took the others back to Mattel. The Lilli doll was based on a popular character appearing in a comic strip drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Bild. Lilli was a blonde bombshell, a working girl who knew what she wanted and was not above using men to get it.
The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany inand although it was initially sold to adults, it became popular with children who enjoyed dressing her up in outfits that were available separately . The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra striped swimsuit and signature topknot ponytailand was available as either a blonde or brunette.
The doll was marketed as a "Teen-age Fashion Model," with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were manufactured in Japan, with their clothes hand-stitched by Japanese homeworkers. AroundBarbie dolls were sold during the first year of production.
Louis Marx and Company sued Mattel in March The company additionally claimed Brand and barbie Mattel "falsely and misleadingly represented itself as having originated the design". Mattel counter-claimed and the case was settled out of court in Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based extensively on television advertising, which has been copied widely by other toys.
It is estimated that over a billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide in over countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second. Media franchise Further information: Barbie film series Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, but also a large range of Barbie branded goods such as books, apparel, cosmetics, and video games.
Barbie has had a media franchise starting inwhen she began appearing in a series of animated films. Out of This World and Barbie and the Sensations: Legacy and influence Barbie has become a cultural icon and has been given honors that are rare in the toy world. The exhibit featured Barbie dolls over two floors as well as works by contemporary artists and documents newspapers, photos, video that contextualize Barbie.
From her early days as a teenage fashion model, Barbie has appeared as an astronaut, surgeon, Olympic athlete, downhill skier, aerobics instructor, TV news reporter, vet, rock star, doctor, army officer, air force pilot, summit diplomat, rap musician, presidential candidate party undefinedbaseball player, scuba diver, lifeguard, fire-fighter, engineer, dentist, and many more When Barbie first burst into the toy shops, just as the s were breaking, the doll market consisted mostly of babies, designed for girls to cradle, rock and feed.
By creating a doll with adult features, Mattel enabled girls to become anything they want. A news release from Mattel in February announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up,  but in Februarythey were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover.
She has owned a wide range of vehicles, including pink Corvette convertiblestrailers, and Jeeps. Barbie was friendly with Blainean Australian surfer, during her split with Ken in For the Nicki Minaj song, see Black Barbies song.
Body Image From the start, some have complained that "the blonde, plastic doll conveyed an unrealistic body image to girls. One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a young woman, leading to a risk that girls who attempt to emulate her will become anorexic.
According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the 17 to 22 percent body fat required for a woman to menstruate. Diversity Complaints also point to a lack of diversity in the line.
Starting init produced Hispanic dolls, and later came models from across the globe. For example, init introduced "Cinco de Mayo Barbie" wearing a ruffled red, white, and green dress echoing the Mexican flag.
Hispanic magazine reports that: She also has had close Hispanic friends, such as Teresa. However, she was produced using the existing head molds for the white Francie doll and lacked African characteristics other than a dark skin.
The first African American doll in the Barbie range is usually regarded as Christie, who made her debut in InMattel created a focus group with African American children and parents, early childhood specialists, and clinical psychologist, Darlene Powell Hudson.This is the infamous Barbie that spoke a number of phrases including: "Will we ever have enough clothes?", "I love shopping!", and "Math Class Is Hard!".
In such case, when hearing the brand name “Barbie”, most people will think of the doll instead of the brand. In fact, many people failed to realize that Barbie is actually a brand name for a kind of doll.
The brand has long faced criticism that its stick-thin female dolls promoted unhealthy body ideals, especially for girls. Barbie's male companion, Ken, has an athletic body. Related story. Nov 11, · Barbie® honors Savannah Guthrie And Hoda Kotb As Role Models With One-Of-A-Kind Dolls the brand has surpassed this goal by highlighting more than .
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for over fifty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits.
The Barbie brand has always reflected the times, so modernizing Ken is the next step in the brand’s evolution to offer more diverse products. “By continuing to expand our product line, we are redefining what a Barbie or Ken doll looks like to this generation,” said Lisa McKnight, Senior Vice President and General Manager, Barbie.