So, what can we do now to help the future? The easiest answer is to use energy more wisely and quit wasting our precious resources.
Biofuels offer improved fuel security The BAA believes the case for increasing stockholdings for liquid fuels is quite clear.
According to a recent Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics BREE report, at the end of September Australia had only 19 days cover for automotive gasoline, 18 days cover for aviation fuel and 16 days cover for diesel.
This level of stock holding is well known to be below our IEA stockholding obligations and it seems incredible that Australia is the only country of the 28 participating countries that fails to meet this obligation.
Sources of Energy by Sector Petajoules PJ The transport sector is not only critical for moving people from point to point, but is also vital for everything from the provision of essential and emergency services to the supply and distribution of food, health supplies, defence and all manner of goods and services.
Clearly any interruption to liquid fuel supplies will have a significant and immediate impact on all Australians. In their recently released Green Paper, the Department of Industry sets out its intention to attract energy resource investment and acknowledges that Australia has limited reserves of crude oil, condensate and liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG.
The paper does not acknowledge the fact that Australia is almost totally reliant on imported fuel for the Transport and Agricultural sectors nor does it address the risks associated with a disruption to this supply to the Australian economy and society.
There is also no mention of targeting investment incentives towards reducing this reliance on imported product. When our reliance on imports is coupled with a lack of local liquid fuel storage infrastructure then the depth of our vulnerability to supply disruptions becomes evident.
As recently as May this year after having issues with the quality of diesel in two shipments to WA, Perth experienced widespread stock-outs and lack of diesel availability and this follows a similar event in Melbourne the year before.
Disruptions will undoubtedly increase as our reliance on the import supply chain increases. Al Qaeda view of global oil shipping lanes.
The BAA strongly supports the increase of mandatory stockholdings together with a focus on increasing local production of alternative fuels, including biofuels. Given the infrastructure throughout Australia and the fact that we are increasing our usage of liquid fuels by about 1.
Indeed, energy security concerns have driven many countries, including the US and Sweden, to introduce policies to actively encourage the development of their biofuels industry.
Biofuels capability in Australia is also an area being closely watched by Defence personnel, particularly as our US allies are moving to significantly increase the use of renewable fuels in Navy vessels. Interoperability is a key factor to consider for the Australian Navy, as often shared supply chains are used for fuel.
Biofuels help to future proof our economy The transport sector is dependent on finite fossil fuels such as oil and petroleum for its energy needs. It is therefore crucial that we move towards more renewable and sustainable fuels and develop viable liquid alternatives today so that they may be genuine cost competitive alternatives for the future.
Our local producers are constantly looking for ways to improve the efficiencies within their processes, such as research into new enzymes or treatments to improve the yields and quality of the biofuel they produce.
Looking to the future of advanced biofuels, several Australian Universities and the CSIRO have active research programs and many are at the forefront of research into new feedstocks such as algae, cyanobacteria, sorghum, lignocellulose, pongamia and mallee. Importantly, the issue of how to manage biomass aggregation to allow cost effective processing of these feedstocks into fuel is also a critical area of required study.
Leveraging Australian industries that already aggregate biomass is a short pathway to piloting these new technologies. The development of a sufficient supply of renewable feedstocks is of particular interest to Defence and the aviation industry, both in Australia and globally.Some of the resources here have more to do with drinking than driving, but the homebrew hooch specialists make good ethanol of high purity, though generally in smaller quantities, and some of the most knowledgeable people on the subject and best resources on .
Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels [Anju Dahiya] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Depleting fossil fuel reserves and adverse effects of fluctuating oil prices have renewed interest in alternative and sustainable sources of energy.
Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels takes on this topic and examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the. This paper estimates fossil fuel subsidies and the economic and environmental benefits from reforming them, focusing mostly on a broad notion of subsidies arising when consumer prices are below supply costs plus environmental costs and general consumption taxes.
Biofuels are liquid fuels that have been derived from other materials such as waste plant and animal matter. The two main types of biofuels currently in production in Australia are bioethanol and biodiesel.
This report by EPRINC Non-Resident Fellow Trisha Curtis is part of the Energy Policy Research Foundation’s multi-year research program evaluating the scale and scope of the North American petroleum renaissance. Food vs fuel is the debate regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production in detriment of the food supply on a global scale.
Essentially the debate refers to the possibility that by farmers increasing their production of these crops, often through government subsidy incentives, their time and land is shifted away from other types of non-biofuel crops driving up the.