To make effective use of our map requires at least 37 "recent" Y-chromosome markers rather than the 12 ancient ones revealed by basic haplogroup tests, and SNP or subclade identification. Popular Perceptions and misperceptions "Racialist" descriptions of perceived "racial" characteristics of so-called sub-races Pontids, Dinarics, Mediterranids, Armenids, Saharids, Arabids, and so forth are still entertained in certain quarters.
Since the s, this technology has been used extensively in the lab by researchers for countless purposes: One application has been to generate food crops that are modified in a way that is advantageous to either the producer or the consumer.
Currently the GM crops on the market have bacterial genes introduced into their genomes that encode for pest or herbicide resistance. In theory, this should cut down on the amount of chemicals a farmer needs to spray, but in practice that goal has not been realized as pests and weeds become resistant to the chemicals being used.
There is concern among scientists that the vocal resistance of certain individuals to GMOs is due, in part, to a lack of understanding of the technology and the prevalence of misinformation. Modern technology speeds up this process.
However, that does not mean the technology should be given blanket approval. GM crops have been planted extensively for a little over a decade. While no negative health consequences have been detected or are anticipatedthe relative newness of GM crops requires that we continue to monitor for health impacts.
At present, the ecological concerns that stem from the way GM crops are planted are a more pressing concern.
In some states, public unease with GMOs has resulted in attempted legislation to require labeling of food products that contain GM ingredients.
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